FEZ members are actively involved in academic teaching and training of next-generation biologists.

 

The Journal Club:

The Courses:

ForBio graduate school:

Smithsonian workshop:

UiO:LifeScience - Summer projects:

Teaching & Training

 

The Journal Club:

FEZ runs a weekly journal club together with regular participants of the Evolution and Paleobiology (EPA) and the Sex and Evolution (SERG) research groups. The seminar is coordinated by Marianne Nilsen Haugen (FEZ) and Rita M. Austin (FEZ). The journal club is held on Wednesdays 1 p.m. in the lunchroom of Colletts hus. Guests are always welcome.

In our first JC meeting after the summer holiday break 2022 we decided to draw some attention to  'de-extinction'. Accordingly, some papers have been discussed that related to the topic. Until now these are the ones presented 24. August, 31. August, 5. October, and 12. October. Some further papers may follow.

The programme:

30. November 2022: Mali Hamre Ramsfjell (EPA)

Jarvis et al. 2022. Macroevolutionary patterns in marine hermaphroditism, Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14639

 

23. November 2022: institutional cleaning day - no seminar

16. November 2022: Carolann R. Schack (EPA)

Griffith et al. 2022. Using functional traits to identify conservation priorities for the world's crocodylians, Functional Ecology: 1–13, https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.14140

 

09. November 2022: Torsten Struck (FEZ)

Deline et al. 2020. Evolution and Development at the Origin of a Phylum, Current Biology 30: 1–8, https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.cub.2020.02.054

02. November 2022: Rita M.Austin (FEZ)

Klunk et al. 2022. Evolution of immune genes is associated with the Black Death. Nature.
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-022-05349-x

26. October 2022: Kjetil Lysne Voje (EPA)

McGlothlin et al. 2022. Conservation and Convergence of Genetic Architecture in the Adaptive Radiation of Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 200. https://doi.org/10.1086/721091

19. October 2022: Ana Capucho (FEZ)

Hughes et al. 2022. The homogenization of avian morphological and phylogenetic diversity under the global extinction crisis. Current Biology 32: 3830-3837. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982222009770

12. October 2022: James Fleming (FEZ)

Kasperbauer 2017. Should We Bring Back the Passenger Pigeon? The Ethics of De-Extinction. Ethics, Policy & Environment 20: 1-14.  https://doi.org/10.1080/21550085.2017.1291831

05. October 2022: Thore Koppetsch (SERG)

Sullivan et al. 2017. Human behaviour as a long-term ecological driver of non-human evolution. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0065

28. September 2022: Alberto Valero Gracia (FEZ)

Schwander & Laimer 2011. Genes as leaders and followers in evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26: 143-151. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169534710003022

21. September 2022: Pia Merete Eriksen (FEZ)

Maroni et al. 2022. One Antarctic slug to confuse them all: the underestimated diversity of Doris kerguelenensisInvertebrate Systematics 36: 419–435  https://doi.org/10.1071/IS21073

14. September 2022: Carolann R. Schack (EPA)

Kuntz et al. 2022. Inheritance of somatic mutations by animal offspring. Science Advances 8: eabn0707 https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abn0707

07. September 2022: James G. Saulsbury (EPA)

Ballesteros et al. 2022. Comprehensive species sampling and sophisticated algorithmic approaches refute the monophyly of Arachnida. Molecular Biology and Evolution 39: msac021. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msac021

31. August 2022: Vladimir Gusarov (FEZ)

Novak 2018. De-Extinction Genes 9, 548. https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4425/9/11/548

24. August 2022: Lutz Bachmann (FEZ)

Lin al. 2022. Probing the genomic limits of de-extinction in the Christmas Island rat. Current Biology 32: 1650-1656. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.02.027

17. August 2022: Rita M. Austin (FEZ)

Zhao al. 2022. Evaporative water loss of 1.42 million global lakes. Nature communications 13: 1-10. .https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-31125-6

22. June 2022: Mali Hamre Ramsfjell (EPA)

Mathes et al. 2021. Deep-time climate legacies affect origination rates of marine genera. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118,  e2105769118. https://www.pnas.org/doi/epdf/10.1073/pnas.2105769118

15. June 2022: Lee Hsiang Liow (EPA)

Boroviec et al. 2022. Deep learning as a tool for ecology and evolution. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.  https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.13901

08. June 2022: Torsten H. Struck (FEZ)

Wiemann et al. 2022. Fossil biomolecules reveal an avian metabolism in the ancestral dinosaur. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04770-6

 

01. June 2022: James Fleming (FEZ)

Buček et al. 2022. Molecular phylogeny reveals the past transoceanic voyages of drywood termites (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 39, msac093.

https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article/39/5/msac093/6577226

25. May 2022: Kjetil Voje (EPA)

Coombs et al. 2022. The tempo of cetacean cranial evolution. Current Biology. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.04.060

18. May 2022: Ana T. Capucho (FEZ)

Eisenhauer et al. 2019. Recognizing the quiet extinction of invertebrates. Nature communications 10: 1-3.
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07916-1

11. May 2022: Liepa Adomaityte (FEZ)

Kaufer et al. 2017. The evolution of trypanosomatid taxonomy. Parasites Vectors 10, 287. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2204-7

04. May 2022: Alberto Valero Gracia (FEZ)

Moris et al. 2016. Transition states and cell fate decisions in epigenetic landscapes. Nature Reviews Genetics 17: 693-703. https://www.nature.com/articles/nrg.2016.98

27. April 2022: Connor Wilson (EPA)

Rohwer et al. 2022. Declining growth of natural history collections fails future generations. PLoS Biol 20(4): e3001613. 

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3001613

20. April 2022: Torsten Struck (FEZ)

Kumar, S. 2022. Embracing Green Computing in Molecular Phylogenetics. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 39(3), msac043. https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article/39/3/msac043/6542113

06. April 2022: Michael Matschiner (SERG)

Fraisse et al. 2022. Introgression between highly divergent sea squirt genomes: an adaptive breakthrough? bioRxiv. : https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.03.22.485319

30. March 2022: Lutz Bachmann (FEZ)

Dolby et al. 2022. Integrating Earth–life systems: a geogenomic approach. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 37. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2021.12.004

 

23. March 2022: James G. Saulsbury (EPA)
Kapli et al. 2021. Lack of support for Deuterostomia prompts reinterpretation of the first Bilateria. Science Advances 7: eabe2741. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abe2741

16. March 2022: Rita M. Austin (FEZ)

Jensen et al.  2022. Ancient and historical DNA in conservation policy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2021.12.010

 

09. March 2022: Torsten H. Struck (FEZ)

Simakov et al. 2022 Deeply conserved synteny and the evolution of metazoan chromosomes. Science Advances 8: eabi5884 https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.abi5884

 

23. February 2022: Mali Hamre Ramsfjell (EPA)

Renzi et al. 2022. The role of predators in coral disease dynamics. Coral Reefs.

 https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00338-022-02219-w.pdf

16. February 2022: James Fleming (FEZ)

Pates et al. 2021. New opabiniid diversifies the weirdest wonders of the euarthropod stem group. group.  Proc. R. Soc. B 289: 20212093. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2021.2093

09. February 2022: Vladimir Gusarov (FEZ)

Mastrantonio et al. 2019. Paternal leakage and mtDNA heteroplasmy in Rhipicephalus spp. ticks. Scientific Reports 9: 1460. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-38001-8

02. February 2022: Ana T. Capucho (FEZ)

Faria et al. 2021. Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface. J Evol Biol. 34:4–15.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jeb.13756

26. January 2022: Thore Koppetsch (SERG)

Dufresnes et al. 2021. Mass of genes rather than master genes underlie the genomic architecture of amphibian speciation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2103963118

19. January 2022: Kjetil Lysne Voje (EPA)

Smith et al. 2020. Phylogenetics is the New Genetics (for Most of Biodiversity). Trends in Ecology & Evolution 35: 415-425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2020.01.005

 

12. January 2022: Marianne Nilsen Haugen (FEZ)

Anurag et al. 2021. The evolution of coevolution in the study of species interactions. Evolution 75: 1594–1606. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/evo.14293

 

Master/PhD Courses at University of Oslo:

BIOS4215 – Evolution and Systematics of Organismal Groups: The Animal Kingdom

The animal kingdom provides by far the largest proportion to Earth's biodiversity and they have occupied all habitats on Earth including other organisms. In this subject, we will present the recent knowledge across different animal groups concerning the evolution of their diversity and adaptive solutions to similar ecological challenges in different groups. The evolution of these traits will be set concerning the recent understanding of the animal phylogeny, and taxonomy. In this subject, special emphasis will be put on groups, which are requested by the participating students, as well as on collection-based work as it is conducted at a Natural History Museum. Hence, the subject will also comprise classes about career opportunities as collection management or exhibition development.

Instructors:

Torsten H. Struck (FEZ)

Lutz Bachmann (FEZ)

Vladimir Gusarov (FEZ)

James Fleming (FEZ)

Alberto Valero-Gracia (FEZ)

Ana T. Capucho (FEZ)

Kjetil Lysne Voje (EPA)

Emanuela Di Martino (EPA)

Arild Johnsen (SERG)

Emma Whittington (SERG)

Michael Matschiner (SERG)

Thore Koppetsch (SERG)

Ann Helen Rønning (SKF)

Anne Birkeland (UTAD)

BIOS5114/BIOS9114 – Molecular Evolution

The course deals with the principles for evolution of DNA and gene products as well as the use of genetic data in evolutionary studies of organisms. It includes a theoretical introduction to important evolutionary processes in the eukaryotic genome and genome components. In addition the course has a practical component with teaching of molecular techniques, bioinfomatics and evolutionary bio-statistics.


Instructors: 
Lutz Bachmann (FEZ)

Rita M. Austin (FEZ)

Marianne Nilsen Haugen (FEZ)

Glenn Peter Sætre (IBV)

BIOS5214/BIOS9214 – Biogeography and Biodiversity

This course concerns the geographical distributions of taxa and populations on global and regional scales and the processes that have given rise to these.

Instructor:

Vladimir Gusarov (FEZ)

 

ForBio graduate school course:

Phylogenomics

Advances in high-throughput sequencing and genomics have revolutionized research in evolutionary biology and systematics. The use of genomics data in phylogenetic analyzes has brought new challenges in terms of data handling and analysis. This course aims to help those who have basic experience in bioinformatics and molecular phylogenetics, and have projects focused on high-throughput sequencing data and phylogenetics, to become acquainted with tools, programs and pipelines for phylogenomics and want to conduct phylogenomic studies beyond the standard, also addressing potentially confunding biases in their datasets.

Instructors:

Torsten H. Struck (FEZ)

James Fleming (FEZ)

Michael Matschiner (SERG)

 

Smithsonian Workshop:

Smithsonian Marine Station (SMS) Meiofauna Diversity and Taxonomy Workshop

The term "meiofauna" refers to tiny animals capable of passing through a ~0.5-mm mesh. Many meiofaunal animals are interstitial, meaning they burrow in marine sediments. Several entire phyla (such as kinorhynchs, gastrotrichs, and gnathostomulids), major clades of other invertebrate phyla (especially arthropods, nematodes, annelids and flatworms), and miniaturized representatives of most other animal phyla are meiofaunal. Meiofaunal animals have been estimated to account for half of the biodiversity in complex biotopes such as coral reefs, with most of it associated with sediments. While the great phylum- and class- level diversity of meiofauna is well-known, the species-level diversity remains largely unexplored and undocumented. By some estimates, the number of species of meiofaunal nematodes alone that waiting to be formally named dwarfs the number of already described meiofaunal species by two orders of magnitude. Morphological studies of meiofauna have led to groundbreaking insights about their evolution, adaptation, and functional biology (e.g., adhesive and sensory structures), as well as fundamental insights into the evolution of the major animal groups in the tree of life. More recently, advances in molecular biology ranging from DNA barcoding to metabarcoding to whole-genome sequencing have accelerated the pace of the study of all aspects of the biology of meiofauna.

Instructors:

Rick Hochberg (University of Massachusetts Lowell)
Oleksandr Holovachov (Swedish Museum of Natural History)

Ulf Jondelius (Swedish Museum of Natural History)
Kevin Kocot (University of Alabama Tuscaloosa)
Francesca Leasi (University of Tennessee Chattanooga)


Ashleigh Smythe (Virginia Military Institute)

Torsten H. Struck (FEZ)

 

UiO:Life Science Summer Projects:

UiO:Life Science has funded for several years summer projects for students interested in doing a project based six weeks hands-on training. FEZ members have offered several opportunities in the context of the programme.

 

In 2022 FEZ offers:
 

Assessing biodiversity in the marine algae belt in the Norwegian Seas (for two students)
 

This summer project will contribute to the ArtsDatabanken project “Assessing biodiversity in the marine algae belt”. The students will participate in the two field trips planned for this year. The first one will be to Austevoll, close to Bergen, and the other one to Tromsø. There, we will collect specimens from kelp forests, seagrass meadow and patches of red algae by snorkeling. In the lab, these specimens will be identified at least to the family level of the targeted groups (Tunicata, Nemertea, Kamptozoa, Caprellidae, Spionidae and Serpulidae).

The project is supervised by: Ana Teresa Capucho, Torsten H. Struck

Summer students on the project: Pia Merete Eriksen, Tengel Hvidsten Tjersland